October 4, 2023


Does This Pic of Stairs on the Exterior of a Concrete Constructing Present a ‘Funny Development Fail’?


A photograph of a flight of stairs with no railing hugging the exterior of a concrete constructing exhibits the result of a "amusing design fail."



In July 2023, we appeared into the origins of a picture that appeared to demonstrate a flight of stairs with no railing hugging the outside the house of a concrete developing.

The odd photograph experienced appeared on Reddit with the thread title, "Anyone didn't plan their manufacturing facility flooring proper," as properly as a humorous caption for programmers: "A hotfix in manufacturing."

On Tumblr, 1 person requested, "What if a person locks both of those doorways when you go outside the house lol?"

An advertisement on X, formerly identified as Twitter, also promoted a url to a lengthy report on Kueez.com that featured the very same image. The ad itself, which started off managing on July 23, didn't display the photograph. On the other hand, the posting it led to did.

We clicked on the backlink in the ad and landed on the posting on Kueez.com. This report was initially released on Wallstoriez.com, the place the author experienced chosen the headline, "Amusing Development Fails That Are Virtually Tough to Look at." This posting appeared to have been composed for marketing arbitrage uses, which intended that the website's operator was hunting to make a lot more funds from ads displayed in the posting than it price to location the originating ad on X (Twitter).

The report claimed that the staircase was a failure in development, as the headline also described:

Fingers up if you have coronary heart palpitations just by searching at this picture? We truly don't blame you. The stairs on the facet of this creating glance like a thing out of a recurring nightmare, and we actually you should not have an understanding of how anything like this could ever be crafted. Sure, we know that exterior staircases are critical in case of a fireplace, but where's the handrail? And what about the relaxation of the developing?

It would consider us a entire hour to climb these stairs if we could even make it to the top rated at all. We'd be hyperventilating, crying, and likely throwing up at the exact time.

Reducing to the chase, a Reddit consumer named Learn_Grievous pointed out the photo was authentic but the stairs were being merely part of an art installation. The area of the staircase was the Kongresshaus in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland.

In accordance to langbaumann.com, the stairs artwork was developed by Sabina Lang and Daniel Baumann, acknowledged as Lang/Baumann (L/B), with Simon Lamunière credited as curator. The art piece was called, "Stunning Methods #2," and was designed in 2009 for, "Utopics, 11th Swiss Sculpture Exhibition."

As we read on the web-site, the artwork piece "plays a trick on perception," together with an optical illusion obtained by developing scaled-down doorways and stairs than could possibly be anticipated:

The congress making in Biel-Bienne performs a trick on perception: mainly because the diminutive grid of its significant glass front does not match the ceiling peak of the floors, the creating seems taller than it is—more like a skyscraper than its true 50 meters (164 foot) of peak. The creating also features an strange concrete structure that encloses 1 half of the volume like an oversize body, leaving a hole on a person side in between alone and the building. On this pillar, virtually three-quarters of the way up, an aluminum stair was attached, leading from 1 bogus doorway to yet another all around just one corner of the construction. In retaining with the optical illusion of the constructing, the get the job done was developed to a a bit more compact scale than a standard door and stair. The slender sculpture plays with an imaginary functionality.

The description explained that the doorways had been faux, which appeared to necessarily mean that there was no way to access the stairs from inside the setting up.

We achieved out to the artists to ask concerns and received the adhering to information:

Indeed, exactly, that is a perform of art [by] us! And it is not functional.

It is made from aluminum and galvanized metal and it is not intended to assist true persons on the techniques.

Nonetheless, it is crafted sturdy plenty of to help wind forces, and at the time in a when even a stork birds' nest.

Israel belatedly looks to green construction for concrete fix to polluting buildings

Israel’s commitment to reducing its net carbon emissions to zero by 2050 is changing the way homes and other buildings are being constructed, accelerating a shift away from how structures have gone up until now.

In March 2022, green building standards meant to reduce emissions during and after construction became mandatory for all building projects in Israel.

In July, the Energy Ministry and the Israel Green Building Council announced that eight local authorities had been selected for training in green building techniques.

They also announced that new housing would have to provide potential buyers with an energy efficiency rating, such as is already done with most large appliances.

The moves are typical of the carrot-and-stick approach that countries and cities are using around the world to push for greater sustainability in many areas, including construction.

Cities are major contributors to carbon pollution. They are responsible for upwards of 70% of global emissions, according to the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the majority of that comes through building and operating structures, experts say. Greening that process will need to be a major priority for Israeli policymakers if the country is serious about reaching its 2050 goals, according to experts.

Construction work in Tel Aviv, August 2022 (Danielle Nagler)

“The greenest building is the one that already exists,” Carl Elefante, former president of the American Institute of Architects, famously said.

He might have added that the next best thing is a building that works through every aspect of the construction process to reduce its carbon footprint, from its project management and waste products to using designs and materials that minimize the energy it will use through its lifetime.

To qualify as a green building, a structure needs to be assessed from a variety of vantage points and meet certain standards. Both construction and occupancy phases need to be designed to manage energy, water, and other materials efficiently while making use of technologies that minimize emissions and harm to the environment. Much of the burden falls on developers, though occupants often have a role as well, especially in lowering energy inputs.

The process usually goes well beyond cosmetic features, such as so-called green walls – vertical sheets of plants on the outside of buildings, though they do have some impact.  Increasingly fashionable in big cities, green walls play a role in absorbing carbon dioxide and in helping to manage temperatures and improve air quality. But the level of impact remains under debate, while there is general agreement that less visible measures, such as increasing efficiency, make a more significant difference.

The plant-covered exterior of the Checkpoint building in Tel Aviv. (Yoav Peled/Vertical Field)

Nationwide, only 85 structures are LEED-certified by the US Green Building Council, considered the global standard for sustainable building. In Jerusalem, the country’s most populous city, only two have earned the rating (including the building housing The Times of Israel offices).

Israel’s Environmental Protection Ministry has certified another 450 buildings as meeting sustainability standards. According to the ministry, as of 2020, another 1,000 buildings were in the certification process.

Ziv Shor, who heads the Israeli branch of international commercial real estate giant JLL, says the country is in a transitional phase when it comes to green building.

Ziv Shor, head of JLL in Israel (courtesy JLL)

In the past “developers did not understand why they should change,” said Shor. “Energy efficiency and minimal carbon footprint are now becoming the number one priority for people and for occupiers [of commercial buildings], and so in turn it becomes the priority for developers.”

Shor believes that the real estate management sector can lead the way by making sure the construction industry delivers buildings that businesses want.

He is seeing commercial occupants happy to pay a premium — up to 10% above regular commercial rents — for sustainable building. A green building can in turn deliver savings of 20% to 40% in building operating costs through its lifetime, with those numbers expected to rise as resources grow scarcer and technologies more efficient.

In the 1950s, Israel led the world in solar power production, largely because it needed to generate energy independent of the Arab world. The country’s shift to tech has produced a fair number of startups aiming to bring green solutions to various sectors.

Among the young Israeli companies with the potential to make the biggest impact is ECOncrete, which focuses on creating sustainable concrete for undersea or shoreline applications that are designed to support marine environments rather than harm them.

The company says it has already taken on 40 projects in 11 countries, adapting its product to each location’s unique biological makeup in order to support local marine fauna and flora.

Installation of ECOncrete articulated marine mattresses.

Concrete is the most polluting element of the construction process, accounting for some 8 percent of carbon emissions worldwide. Over 4 billion tons of cement, which is mixed with water and aggregates to create concrete, are produced each year.

But concrete — cheap, durable, and long-lasting — is also vastly important for the construction industry, providing housing for about 70 percent of the world’s population.

ECOncrete says its material can cut carbon output by up to 70% compared to traditional cement. The company’s admixture mostly replaces clinker — a gravelly substance that is a key ingredient in cement and the main source of emissions in concrete — with more sustainable and recycled materials such as slag cement or fly ash, though the manufacture of those materials is known to pollute as well.

On land, Criaterra claims to slash energy usage by 90% compared to traditional manufacturing by replacing kiln-fired cement and ceramics with what it says are 100% natural materials. The company is focusing on wall tiles for interiors, but also plans to branch out into masonry.

Criaterra ceramic innovation start-up (courtesy Criaterra)

Ramat Gan-based Green Vibe says it reduces concrete waste in the construction process by up to 50%. Rather than re-inventing concrete, Green Vibe does this by allowing builders to maximize efficiency, using sensors, advanced data analysis and other tools across the lifetime of major projects.

Urecsys, based at the Hebrew University, says it can reduce exposure to hazardous urban air pollutants within buildings by utilizing its unique modeling of air pollution via machine learning algorithms.

Urecsys claims to reduce the penetration of hazardous urban air pollution into office buildings by a huge percentage by analyzing pollutants in the air and making data-driven predictions, which are then fed into a building’s central ventilation system to allow only clean air in. The system is also touted as a substantial energy-saver, reducing a building’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Pre-fabricated construction has been touted as more sustainable than traditional building due to efficiency savings and other environment-friendly benefits over a structure’s lifetime. While Israel lags in modular construction, the country’s largest developer, Tidhar, is experimenting with building bathroom pods entirely off-site and then lifting them into position within apartments.

The company has installed 180 so far but is aiming for 1,000 units across its Israeli projects by the end of this year and at least a doubling of factory capacity in 2023.

For homeowners or renters looking to reduce their carbon footprint on their own, HomeBiogas has developed a build-it-yourself system that turns kitchen waste and livestock manure into clean cooking gas for up to three meals a day, plus an extra 10 liters of clean natural liquid fertilizer. The high-tech composting firm, which is already listed on the Tel Aviv stock exchange, boasts that it has already mitigated 58,506 tons of CO₂ through the use of its technology.

The key to successful sustainability is demand — which is already happening in the office market, with international tenants in particular demanding high environmental standards for the buildings they occupy, according to Shor at JLL.

Developers know what they need to deliver for these kinds of tenants and are already changing they way they do things to accommodate them.

Hotel guests, on the other hand, are less likely to demand concrete efficiency standards and the like, but some hotels are also using environmentally friendly construction, allowing visitors to reduce their carbon footprint even if away from home. Etic hotels, which lists environmentally friendly properties for short-term stays, identifies 136 sustainable hotels in Israel.

The view from a private villa at Six Senses Shaharut in the Negev Desert, on a hilltop overlooking the Arava Valley (Courtesy PR)

In the Negev, Six Senses Shaharut boasts of being Israel’s first LEED certified hotel.

While the hotel is designed to blend aesthetically into the desert landscape, it also boasts a 25% reduction in energy consumption compared to a traditional hotel of a similar size. The hotel composts food waste to feed the organic garden which partially supplies the kitchen, bottles water on site to avoid plastic, donates used cooking oil to make biodiesel in the community, and uses a palm grove to absorb 100% of the treated wastewater on site.

Similarly, one of Isrotel’s more recent properties, Mitzpe Hayamim, started its eco-friendly existence by renovating an existing hotel building.

Mitzpe Hayamim, Isrotel’s back-to-nature resort between Rosh Pina and Tzfat (Linoy&Dror Styling)

While focusing on delivering a luxury holiday experience, it draws on the orchards, fields of herbs, livestock farm, dairy and organic farm that surround it to supply the hotel restaurants with fresh seasonal ingredients with minimal travel involved. The spa uses natural oils gathered from the Mitzpe Hayamim farm.

Despite the advances, Shor noted that the sustainable building space in Israel is “not yet a mature market.”

One major issue: scalability. While Israelis have proven adept at creating tech solutions via easily adaptable and expandable software, green building requires not just going green, but also constructing actual buildings.

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Reducing concrete in properties to decarbonize development

Reducing concrete in buildings to decarbonise construction
Dr John Orr of the ACORN crew exhibits off the prototype skinny-shell ground. Credit score: University of Cambridge

The Automating Concrete Construction task (ACORN), which aims to adjust the way concrete is used in properties to decarbonize construction, options in the RIBA Journal, posted by the Royal Institute of British Architects, in an article titled "Skinny vaulted floor slab could slash embodied carbon by 60%."

ACORN, which is a collaboration throughout the Universities of Tub, Cambridge and Dundee, and also includes a developing selection of field partners, is helping to decarbonize development by rethinking the way that concrete is applied in properties. The venture is driving a new marketplace tradition to increase total-lifestyle sustainability and productivity and aims to supply towards the Building 2025 objectives by eradicating waste and lowering carbon emissions associated with classic use of concrete in building.

Dr. Paul Shepherd, ACORN principal investigator at the University of Tub, said, "This 3-year undertaking formally will come to an conclude subsequent thirty day period. We have carried out some actually fascinating analysis, culminating in the manufacture and building of a full-sized demonstration creating in Cambridge's Nationwide Study Facility for Infrastructure Sensing (NRFIS) laboratory, for which our Centre for Intelligent Infrastructure and Construction (CSIC) funded researcher has calculated price savings of 60% in embodied carbon in comparison to a regular flat-slab equivalent. Alongside with our 27 field supporters, the staff is now eagerly awaiting the results of our software for adhere to-on funding, so that we can generate these innovations toward significant-scale marketplace adoption."

The robotic-produced vaulted model of floor utilizes 75% less concrete than a regular slab ground and functions in the RIBA Journal in an post that describes the engineering guiding the challenge and the probability that ACORN's strategy "could be the top secret to unlocking web zero properties."

"The success of the ACORN undertaking can make clear the value of reconsidering how we use concrete—by establishing novel automation procedures for fabrication that advise the layout procedure, we display the significant reduced hanging fruit that exist for development to radically minimize carbon emissions by reducing demand from customers for cement intake. Our collaborations throughout computing, structural engineering, optimization, and robotics have been very important to this development," stated Dr. John Orr, CSIC Investigator and University Lecturer in Concrete Buildings, who leads the ACORN undertaking at the University of Cambridge.

In rethinking the way concrete is applied in buildings, ACORN brings together offsite manufacturing procedures, cost-effective robotics and a very-automated, top quality-controlled environment to aid layout concrete out of construction—only applying concrete exactly where it is required. The common tactic to pre-casting prism-shaped concrete slabs has not modified given that Roman instances and whilst this strategy offers hugely repeatable effects it creates waste and is not carbon effective. New strategies to concrete use and manufacture are essential and the value of them evidenced to inspire a modify of culture in the design field and adoption at scale.

"Obtaining the net-zero targets not long ago ratified at the COP26 convention will involve substantial modify by the development business, which is liable for about half of the UK's full emissions. Since concrete is the world's most broadly consumed materials right after h2o, and its production contributes far more than 7% of worldwide CO2 emissions, the easiest way for design to begin its journey to web-zero is to use much less concrete. That has been the driving force guiding this challenge, which we hope could make a important change to the impact of building," stated Dr. Shepherd.

Transforming Development

ACORN is also showcased by UKRI's Transforming Construction Story Catalogue that shines a light on improvements that are transforming Uk development.

The ACORN More powerful Tale sets out the challenge that ACORN aims to triumph over: "The generation and use of concrete is just one of the world's biggest resources of carbon emissions. Worse, is that up to fifty percent the concrete getting applied in buildings is unneeded. Concrete is utilized so generally because it can be shaped into effortless-to-make beams, columns and ground slabs. But although straightforward to make, these prisms are inefficient to create with, make squander and are a big driver of embodied carbon in design."

New concrete mould method employs the suitable total of concrete and no additional

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